Tuesday, 28 February 2017

Oman complete species list

Birds
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala*: 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah, common Tawi Atayr Sinkhole
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi*: 4 Ash Shuwaymiyyah, 4+ Mudday
Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus*: 2 Al Qurm Muscat, 2 Ras al Hadd
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix*: 1 in off Ras al Jinz
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons: 15 Khawr Rawri
Cotton Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus*: 6 East Khawr
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Gadwall Anas strepera
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina 3 Khawr Rawri
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca: 10+  Khawr Rawri, 4 East Khawr
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis: 3 Shannah Harbour
Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus*: 3 Mirbat Pelagic
Jouanin’s Petrel Bulweria fallax*: 200+ Mirbat Pelagic
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra*: Common offshore around Mirbat and Salalah. First seen Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster*: 3+ offshore from East Khawr
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus*: Common on water bodies
White Stork Ciconia ciconia: 200+ Raysut Sewage Farm
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus: Common, 50+ East Khawr
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax: Common, 5+ Mirbat, 1 Ayn Hamran after dark
Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis: Common, 200+ East Khawr
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides*: 5+ Khawr Rawri, 5+ East Khawr
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii*: 5+ Ash Shuwaymiyyah, 5+ Al Baleed Archaeological Park
Striated Heron Butorides striata*: 1 Mirbat Pelagic
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea*: Common
Great White Egret Ardea alba
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis*: Common
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis*: 1 flew south at Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Osprey Pandion haliaetus: Common
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus*: 4 around Salalah, 1 perched at Jarziz Farm
Black Kite Milvus migrans*: 2 Raysut Tip
Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus*: 7+ Jabal Sanham
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos*: 1 Jabal Sanham
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus*: Common in north
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus*: Common
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus: 1 male Shannah, 1 juv Khawr Rawri, 1 ringtail Ayn Hamran
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus: 1 male over road east out of Salalah
Shikra Accipiter badius*: 1 female over Ayn Hamran. 30th record for Oman
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus2 Jabal Sanham
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus*: 1 in date plantation on east side of Salalah
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga*: Common 5+ Raysut Tip. Ssp. fulvescens 1 East Khawr, 1 Salalah Airport
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis*: 150+ Raysut Tip
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliacal*: 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah, 40+0 Raysut Tip
Verreaux’s Eagle Aquila verreauxii*: 2 Jabal Sanham
Booted Eagle Aquila pennata*: 2 around Salalah
Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata*: 2 Ash Shuwaymiyyah, 1 Jabal Sanham
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1 East Khawr
Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides*: 1 Jabal Sanham
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo*: 1 Raysut Sewage Farm
Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla*: 1 Ash Shuaymiyyah
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata*: 2 Khawr Rawri
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis*: 14 Al Baleed Archaeological Park, including chicks
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus*: 2 Ash Shuwaymiyyah, 4 East Khawr, 10+ Khawr Rawri
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus*: 3 East Khawr, 1 Raysut Sewage Farm
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus*: Common around Muscat, 1 Raysut Sewage Farm
White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus*: 1 Raysut Sewage Farm
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva*: 600+ sized flocks at Al Baleed Archaeological Park and Salalah Nature Reserve
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrines: Common
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus*: Common esp. Shannah
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultia*: Common esp. Shannah
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis*: 2 Shannah, 2 Khawr Rawri
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus: 30+ Shannah & Filim
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris*: 2 Shannah
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii*: 5+ East Khawr
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta*: 1 East Khawr
Sanderling Calidris alba
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus*: 2 Filim
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Collard Pratincole Glareola pratincola*: 2 East Khawr
Sooty Gull Ichthyaetus hemprichii*: Very common
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei*: Very Common
Pallas’s Gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus*: Common in north, 20+ Ras al Jinz, 1 Ash Shuwaymiyah
Heuglin’s Gull Larus heuglini*: very common
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica*: 1 Shannah, 1 Filim, 2+ Khawr Rawri
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia*: Common, 3 Khawr Rawri, 3 Al Baleed Archaeological Park
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis*: Common
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii*: Common
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Saunders’s Tern Sternula saundersi*: 2 Al Qurm, Muscat
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida: 1 Khawr Rawri
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 6 Khawr Rawri, 20 Al Baleed Archaeological Park
Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus*: 150+ Thumrait ~10.00
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus*: ~10 Thumrait ~10.00
Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii*: ~7 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi ~18.30
Rock Dove Columba livia (palaestinae)
Bruce’s Green Pigeon Treron waalia*: 12+ Ayn Hamran
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis*: common
Namaqua Dove Oena capensis*: 1 Ayn Hamran, 1 Sahnawt Farm
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Arabian Scops Owl Otus pamelae*: 20+ Wadi Darbat
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba: 1 East Khawr, narrowly escaped a Peregrine
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus*: 2 Filim, 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis*: Common on verges around Muscat
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops: 2 Ayn Hamran, 1 Ar Dahariz Park
Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata*: 1 Al Baleed Archaeological Park, 11th/12th record Oman
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis*: Common around north
Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegala*: 2 Tawi Atayr, 2 Ayn Hamran
Daurian Shrike Lanius isabellinus*: 1 Salalah Nature Reserve
Turkestan Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides*: 2 Ayn Hamran
Isabelline Shrike sp. Lanius*: Unidentified juveniles were common; 1 Al Qurm, 1 Khawr Rawri, etc.
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis*: Common, 1 Ras al Hadd, 1 Shannah etc.
African Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis*: 1 pair Tawi AtayrSinkhole, 2 Wadi Hanna, 2 Ayn Hamran
House Crow Corvus splendens*: Common in Salalah & Muscat
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis*: Common in north
Fan-tailed Raven Corvus rhipidurus*: Common in south; Jabal Sanham, Tawi Atayr etc.
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus*: 1 Mudday, 1 Quitbit
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis*: Common in north
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer*: Common in north
White-spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos*: Common in south
Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix nigriceps*: Common esp. in north
Singing Bush Lark Mirafra cantillans*: 5+ singing birds Sahnawt Farm
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes*: Common on roadsides
Crested Lark Galerida cristata*:
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti*: Common
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cincture*: 2 just north of Mudday
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula*: Common
House Martin Delichon urbicum
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis*: 3 Al Qurm, 1 Khawr Rawri, 1 Sahnawt Farm, 3+ East Khawr
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus: 1+ Al Baleed Archaeological Park, 2+ East Khawr
Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus*: Common Filim, Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena*: 1 Khawr Rawri, 1 Ayn Hamran
Asian Desert Warbler Sylvia nana*: 1 Ras al Jinz, 1 Shannah, 2 Mudday
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca several noted including presumed halimodendri and blythi
Ménétrie’s Warbler Sylvia mystacea*: Common Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus*: Common around Dhofar
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis*: Common in Salalah & Muscat
Rose-coloured Starling Pastor roseus: 20+ Jarziz Farm
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris 15 Filim
Tristram’s Starling Onychognathus tristramii*: Very common in south
Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis*: 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos 2 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi, 3 Quitbit
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica: 2 East Khawr, 1 Jarziz Farm
Eastern Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros phonenicuroides 1 Al Qurum, 2 Quitbit, 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina: Common
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti*: Common
South Arabian Wheatear Oenanthe lugentoides*: 4 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi, 1 Jabal Sanham
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata*: 1 between Muscat & Ras al Had
Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia*: Common esp. in north
Blackstart Cercomela melanura*: Common in south
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitaries: 1 Ras al Jinz
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva: 1 Tawi Atayr Sinkhole, 1 Ayn Hamran
Nile Valley Sunbird Hedydipna metallica*: Common around Mudday
Palestine Sunbird Cinnyris osea*: 3+ Tawi Atayr Sinkhole
Shining Sunbird Cinnyris habessinicus*: Common around Dhofar
Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus*: Common in north ~Muscat
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Rüppell’s Weaver Ploceus galbula*: Common in Dhofar
African Silverbill Lonchura cantans*: Common in Dhofar
Indian Silverbill Euodice malabarica*: 2 Muscat, 4 Adam
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1 Wadi Hanna, 1 Ayn Hamran
White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba
Sykes Wagtail Motacilla flava beema*: Common esp. Sahnawt Farm
Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava feldegg*: Common esp. Sahnawt Farm
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola: Fairly common in south esp. East Khawr
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris*: Common
Long-tailed Pipit Anthus similis*: 1 Jabal Sanham
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis: 2 Tawi Atayr Sinkhole
Yemen Serin Serinus menachensis*: 2+ briefly Tawi Atayr Sinkhole
Arabian Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali*: 7+ Ayn Hamran, 1 Jabal Sanham
Striolated Bunting Emberiza striolata*: 1 Ash Shuwaymiyyah Wadi
Cinnamon-breasted Bunting Emberiza tahapisi*: Very common around Dhofar esp. Tawi Atayr Sinkhole & Ayn Hamran

Mammals
Egyptian Fruit Bat Rousettus aegyptiacus: Wadi Hana, Wadi Darbat, Salalah
Rock Hyrax Procavia capensis: Tawi Atayr Sinkhole
Arabian Red Fox Vulpes vulpes arabica: Ash Shuwaymiyyah, Shannah
Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin Sousa chinensis: Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Bottlenose Dolphin sp. Tursiops truncates/aduncus: South of Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Mountain Gazelle Gazella gazelle: Ash Shuwaymiyyah, Mudday, Mirbat Tip

Reptiles
Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas: Mirbat Pelagic, but skeletons common around Shannah
Sochurek's saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus sochureki: Ras al Hadd
Hooked Thread Snake Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus: Ras al Hadd
Middle Eastern Short-fingered Gecko Stenodactylus doriae: Ras al Hadd
Ali Kiymi’s Leaf-toed Gecko Hemidactylus alkiyumii: Wadi Hana
Carter's Semaphore Gecko Pristurus carteri: Ras al Jinz Turtle Sanctuary
Rock Semaphore Gecko Pristurus rupestris: Filim
Arabian Chameleon Chamaeleo arabicus: Ayn Hamran
Variable Agama Calotes versicolor: Ayn Hamran, Tawi Atayr Sinkhole,
Dhofar Agama Pseudotrapelus dhofarensis: Khawr Rawri
Sinai Agama Pseudotrapelus Sinai: Khawr Rawri, Ras al Jinz*
*Agamas in Oman have recently undergone genetic revision and have been split into a number of poorly described species. In time it may be that the individuals we photographed on our trip may turn out to be different species to P.sinai

Amphibians
Dhofar Toad Bufo dhufarensis: Wadi Hana

Fish
Manta Ray sp. Manta birostris/alfredi.: Mirbat, East Khawr
Masked Triggerfish Sufflamen fraenatum: Mirbat
Indo-Pacific Sergeant Damselfish Abudefduf vaigiensis: Mirbat
Chrysiptera unimaculata: Mirbat
Porcupinefish sp.: Mirbat

Dragonflies
Emperor Dragonfly Anax imperator: Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Lesser Emperor Anax Parthenope: Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Scarlet Darter Crocothemis erythraea: Salalah Nature Reserve
Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma: Ayn Hamran
Slender Skimmer Orthetrum Sabina: Tawi Atayr Sinkhole, Salalah Nature Reserve, Quitbit,
Globe Skimmer Pantala flavescens: Quitbit
Phantom Flutterer Rhyothemis semihyalina: Salalah Nature Reserve
Red-veined Dropwing Trithemis arteriosa: Ash Shuwaymiyyah
Black Percher Diplacodes lefebvrii: Ash Shuwaymiyyah, Salalah Nature Reserve
Coastal Glider Macrodiplax cora: Ash Shuwaymiyyah, Salalah Nature Reserve

Damselflies
African Bluetail Ischnura senegalensis: Ash Shuwaymiyyah, Quitbit

Butterflies
Plain Tiger Danaus chrysippus: Tawi Atayr Sinkhole, Mirbat Tip,
Pearl Charaxes Stonehamia varanes: Wadi Hana
Cream Bordered Charaxes Charaxes hansali: Ayn Hamran
Common Three Ring Ypthima astrope: Mirbat
Small Cupid Chilades parrhasius: Abandoned village between Shannah & Ash Shuwaymiyyah

Other butterfly species were seen, but either did not land or insufficient notes were taken to be confident of their identity. 

No comments:

Post a Comment